As a child I feel in love with the city of Vienna from watching my favorite movie Amadeus. I am very aware that this is a very strange childhood favorite movie, but I was a strange child. This was before the internet, and much later I found that the movie Amadeus was actually filmed in Prague. Prague is one of the few cities that was not heavily bomb in WW2 which is why the city is so intact. The center of old is a UNESCO world heritage site.
Must See Sights
Sitting on top of Prague the Prague Castle is the largest castle in Europe. I recommend taking public transportation to get to the castle and then walk down to the river from the castle.
Prague castle is a complex of palaces and churches. Make sure that you go into St. Vitus Cathedral and look at the stained glass and check out the Golden Lane. If you walk up from the Castle you will get to Strahov Monastery with its amazing library that you can tour for a fee and stop and get a coffee or cake at the restaurant just below the monastery.
One of the most famous sites in Prague is the Charles Bridge. You cross this bridge when walking back to the old town from the Prague Castle. Each end of the bridge has two medieval towers and while walking across the bridge there are many street musicians and people selling art. This is also where you can get great photos of the Prague Castle. I recommend coming back after dinner and walk on the bridge as it very romantic with street musicians and the Prague Castle light up.
Old Town Square
The Old Town Square is one of the most beautiful town squares in all of Europe. It is a great place to hang out and get an expensive drink. It is also very beautiful at night as well. The big sights there are the Astronomical Clock, Tyn Church and St. Nicolas Church. There is also a statue that is in the center of the square celebrating Jan Hus who was a church reformer before Martin Luther. During the summer you can see lots of backpackers hanging out in the square.
The Jewish Quarter
One of the great Jewish sites in all of Europe is in Prague. You can visit all of the sites in the Jewish Quarter with one ticket. The must see sites are the Jewish Cemetery, the Spanish Synagogue, and the Pinkas Synagogue with its memorial to the holocaust. However, I recommend taking the extra time and see all of the museums, it will be worth your time.
From 1948 to 1989 Czechoslovakia was a communist country under Soviet control. There is a great museum called The Museum of Communism that is an absolute must. It is open until 9 pm so it is somewhere you can go after other things are closed. To truly experience Prague and what life was in the second half of the 20th century I highly recommend this great museum. You can see traces of communism through the infrastructure and some buildings that the communists left behind.
Enjoy your weekend in Prague, it is one of my favorite cities.